कम्प्यूटर वायरस क्या होता है, इसके कितने प्रकार होते हैं ? अपने कम्प्यूटर को वायरस से कैसे बचाएँ ? computer virus in hindi

 computer virus in hindi (कम्प्यूटर  वायरस क्या होता है?)
   

Dosto aj mai apko computer virus ke bare me hindi me batane ja rha hu. ki computer virus kya hota hai.computer virus kis tarah se hamare computer ko nuksan pahuchte hain .
sath me computer virus ke types ke bare me bhi puri jankari hindi me bataunga.
          to aeye jante hain computer virus kya hote hai .


dosto jaisa ki ham sab jante hai virus computer me rakhe huye data ko delete kar deta hai ya usme kuch problem creat kar deta hai.
//pagead2.googlesyndication.com/pagead/js/adsbygoogle.js
(adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); generaly ham dekhte hai ki hamara computer cachanak se slow ho jata hai ya jab ham kam karte rahte hai to aak atak ke chalne lagta hai.
 ya fir bich bich me kuch error message aata hai. jaise ki agar ham koi data ko copy karte past karte hai to copy process purn hone ke 99 % ke bad me error ho jata hai. etc.
 aur kai bar to asa hota hai ki ham koi data copy krate hai to useme jarurat se bahut hi jyada time lagta hai. aisi problem sab ke sath me hoti hai. aur ye problem sirf computer user ke sath me nahi hoti hai balki mobile me bhi ye problem hamesa se dekhi jati hai jise ham samanya bhasa me mobile ka HANG hona bolte hai. par eska mukhya karan Virus hi hota hai.
jab virus processor me jata hai to processor ko ulte sidhe command dena chalu kar deta hai jiske karan se hi hame ajib ajib ya samajh na aane wali error notic display me dikhai dete hai.


dosto mai apko batana chahta hu ki virus hamare dwara internet se download kiye huye data se bhi aajata hai aur agar ham mobile use karte hai to XENDER, SHAREIT, ya BLUETOOTH se bhi virus aane ka pura chance hota hai. agar ham kisi bhi aise user se data lete hai jiska mobile ya computer pahale se virus infected hai to swbhavik bat hoti hai ki virus aayega hi.

agar ham chahte hai ki virus na aaye to hame ANTIVIRUS programs ka use karna chahiye aur niyamit rup se computer se virus scan karke delete karte rahna chahiye.

computer me virus ke anek prakar paye jate hai jinka name us virus ko banane wale ke nam par ya virus kis prakar ka nuksan ahuchata hai us par rakha jata hai.

ham abhi tak jante hai ki virus apne aap aata hai par aisa nahi kuch log programming karke virus ko banate hai jisse dusro ke computer data ko nuksan pahuchaya ja sake ya data churane ka kam bhi kiya jata hai. unites state of amerika me sabse jyada matra me virus ka nirman kiya jata jata hai. kyuki US hi aisa desh hai jaha par sabse jyada computer aur internet ka istemal kiya jata hai.

Computer virus ek software programs hota hai, vah apani hi prakar ke programs banane ka gun rakhta hai. jiske dwara ye program kisi bhi tarike se hamare computer system me jakar nuksan pahuchane ki kosis karta hai, jiska hame gyan bhi nahi ho pata hai.
virus khud ko kisi memory ke program ya partition table ya boot track se jod leta hai aur nuksan pahucha deta hai

    jaise ki- date ko change kar dena , kisi program ko chalu yaband kar dena etc.

virus


lekin sabhi virus bure virus nahi hote hain.  kuch virus kewal thodi bahut pareshani create bas karte hai. magar jyada nuksan ya data loss nahi karte hai.
 is prakar virus ke bahut se prakar bhi hote hai jinke bare me ham niche me dekhenge


Virus ke prakar (वायरस के प्रकार )

1. boot sector virus
2.file infector/program virus
3. multipartite virus
4. polymorphic virus
5. stealth virus
6.marco virus

(1) boot sector virus:-(बूट सेक्टर वायरस) yah virus memory ke ek vishesh bhag me store rahte hain aur booting ke time par read aur execute kiye jate hain. ye virus flophy ke boot recrds ya hard disk ke master boot records ko prabhaeit karte hai. ye boot records programs ko  change karke eski copy aur kisi anya sthan par kar dete hai ya esi program ke upar swayam ka program likh deta hain. bot virus memory me booting ke samay par load ho jate hain jabki computer boot files ko read karta hai.
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es virus ke examples:- disk killer virus, form virus, michelangelo virus aur store virus hain.
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(2)file infector/program virus:(फाइल इन्फेक्टेड वायरस)ya ek prakar ka executable files jaise jinka extention .BIN, .com, .EXE, aadi ko prabhavit karta hai jab ye program execution ke liye memory me load hote hain tab ye virus bhi sath me aa jate hai aur active ho jate hain bad me khud hi bahut sare bhag me parivartit ho jate hai aur anek copy banakar disk me upasthit ana files ko nuksan pahuchate hain.
 
file infector virus ke example :- sunday virus, cascade.

(3) multipartive viruses :-(मल्टीपार्टिव वायरस) yah virus boot aur program virus ka mix rup hota hai. pahale yah virus programs files ko prabhavit karte hain aur jab program execute hota hai tab yah boot records ko bhi prabhavit karna shuru kar deta hai .
 multipartive virus ke example :- invader, flip and tequila virus.

(4)stealth viruses :- ye virus kuch khas taknikon ke dwara khojbin ke swayam ka bachaw karte hai ya fir firectory me prabhawit files ka size kam karke batate hai.

example ke rup me jab ham vhel virus 9216 bites prabhavit files me jod deta hai tab directory ki list me es files ke size ko dekhne par esme etne hi bytes kam dikhai dete hai.

stealth virus ke example:- frodo, joshi, whale.

(5) polymarphic viruses:- (पोलीमार्फिक वायरस)yah virus hai jo swayam ke kode ko kai tarah se badalkar pratyek bar naye rup me prabhavit karta hai esliye ese khoj pana bahut hi kathin hota hai.

polymarphic virus ke example :- involuntary, stimulater, cascade phoenix, evil, proud,virus 101 etc.

(6)macro viruse :-(मार्को वायरस) macro virus ek vishes prakar ka virus hota hai jo sirf document aur tamplets ke macro ko hi prabhavit karta hai. jab bhi ah kisi word processing ya spreadsheet ko kholte hai tab yah macro virus active hokar vishes normal templet ke samanya target file jo ki kuch pahale se bane formate aur settings ko prabahvit karta hai. pratyek document ko kholne par macro virus se prabhavit ho jata haiaur fir es document ke sahare se virus anek computer par bhi ja sakta hai.
       आपके कम्प्यूटर के लिए बेस्ट एंटीवायरस सॉफ्टवेयर 

macro virus ke example:- DMV, Nuclear,word concept.

आशा करता हु की आपने वायरस के बारे में अच्छे से समझ लिया होगा और आपको यह पोस्ट पसंद आया होगा। अगर पसंद आया है तो प्लीज अपने दोस्तों के साथ शेयर करें. और दोबारा याद रखें आपका अपना वेबसाइट www.chhotubhai.com को। 


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2 thoughts on “कम्प्यूटर वायरस क्या होता है, इसके कितने प्रकार होते हैं ? अपने कम्प्यूटर को वायरस से कैसे बचाएँ ? computer virus in hindi

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